Abraham Accord: Finally Trump got the Reward
The agreement shows how the Arab countries are gradually decoupling themselves from the Palestine question. Palestine was among former Ottoman territories placed under UK administration by the League of Nations in 1922. All of these territories eventually became fully independent States, except Palestine.
The agreement that Israel, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates signed on the White House South Lawn on Tuesday—a deal known as the Abraham Accord—is not remotely a Nobel Prize-worthy peace treaty, as President Donald Trump has boasted. But it is a notable achievement—possibly heralding a geopolitical shift in the Middle East—and Trump did play a facilitating, in some ways a central, role in making it happen.
It is not a peace treaty because Israel has not been at war with either of the two Gulf Arab states. In fact, for years now, it has quietly been conducting trade and backroom diplomacy with both. However, “normalized relations”—which the accord establishes—mark a huge step forward: the creation of embassies, commercial air routes, tourism, security, and intelligence ties, and access to Israel’s high-technology products and marketplace. Bahrain and the UAE, tiny but oil-rich monarchies, bring to four the number of Arab states that have formal ties with Israel. (The others are Egypt and Jordan, since 1979 and 1994, respectively.) But the accord also holds the promise of more to come, especially since Bahrain would not have signed the deal without the explicit consent of the Saudi royal family. The losers in this deal are the Palestinians. For decades, most Arab leaders refused to recognize Israel until Israel allowed the creation of—and made peace with—an independent Palestinian state. The UAE and Bahrain are now saying they don’t really care about the Palestinians..
India's benefit from the deal
India on Thursday welcomed the signing of the Abraham Accords by the US, Israel, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and reiterated its call for direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians for a “two-state solution”.
US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu joined the foreign ministers of Bahrain and the UAE for the signing of the historic agreements aimed at normalizing relations between Israel and the Arab countries. They came almost 26 years after the signing of a declaration for a peace deal between Israel and Jordan.
“We have followed the Abraham Accords signed in Washington DC by the UAE, Bahrain, Israel, and the US. As I have said earlier, India has always supported peace and stability in West Asia, which is our extended neighborhood,” external affairs ministry spokesperson Anurag Srivastava told a weekly news briefing.“As such, we welcome these agreements for normalization of relations between Israel and the UAE and Bahrain,” he added.
India Gains from this deal are as follows-
Foreign policy view:
Accord will help India to deepen its ties with Israel, as Israel is not a pariah state (nation considered an outcast in the international community) any more. Saudi Arabia permitted Air India to fly over its airspace to Tel Aviv which is a big win for India.
Israel and the UAE have agreed to cooperate on coronavirus as both Israel and India have been cooperating on joint research and development for rapid testing of Covid-19, and technologies to combat the pandemic. Using the relative advantage of India in vaccine manufacturing and pharmaceuticals, promising results can be achieved.
The cyber-security, medical, financial, and communications industries are expected to benefit in particular from the newfound expansion of trade and investment. New economic opportunities in the region arise and will expand beyond the immediate region to benefit India.
The strategic partnership between UAE and Israel also helps in countering terrorism, money laundering, cybersecurity, organized crime, human trafficking, and anti-piracy. This would help India in the long run significantly.