After 42 years, the blueprint for big change is ready: daughters' marriage age will change, it can apply to every religion; Muslims will be also included
First in the Union Budget, then in a speech from the Red Fort, and now in the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) program on Friday… Prime Minister Narendra Modi is constantly talking about changing the minimum age of marriage for girls.
The government also constituted a task force headed by Jaya Jaitley on 4 June to discuss the matter. PM Modi also said in his address on Friday that the government will take a decision in this matter as soon as the task force reports. According to the information received, the task force has prepared its report and is about to submit it to the government soon.
Currently the minimum marriage age for girls is 18 years and for boys 21 years. The Supreme Court and the Delhi High Court have asked why there is a difference in the minimum age of marriage of a boy and a girl. The task force also recommended a change in the minimum age of marriage for girls. If these recommendations apply, the age of marriage will change after 42 years.
Points to be considered before the Task Force included that this change be equally applicable to all classes and religions, as well as to change the part of the sexual violence law under which a husband is less than 18 If you have a relationship with him, then he does not come under the category of rape
According to the Task Force sources, the recommendations have been decided after considering all these points. The government intends to reduce maternal mortality and improve the nutritional status of girls in the country. No class can be excluded from this reform.
1. The minimum age of marriage of girls should be changed for every category and every religion
Meaning of change: In Muslim personal law, the age of marriage for girls is kept at the time of their menstruation. In 2014, the Gujarat High Court has given that if boys and girls of Muslim community are above 15 years, then they are eligible for marriage according to personal law.
2. Violation of minimum age of marriage in the category of crime.
Meaning of change: Marriage is illegal in the country at present, but it is not illegal or in the category of crime. Such marriage can be declared invalid. Getting married before the minimum age will not be an exception to any category.
3. Changes in sexual violence law should be removed.
The meaning of change: After the Nirbhaya incident, sexual violence with sexual consent of a woman under 18 years of age was also considered as a rape. But, in the same law, there is a provision that a girl between 15 and 18 years of age, her husband forms a relationship, will not be considered a rape. This law can be ended if the law is changed.
Task force linked marriage age to maternal mortality and sex ratio.
The task force has linked the age of marriage with social security standards like infant mortality, maternal mortality, fertility rate, sex ratio and recommended that no section of society be left in a vulnerable position.
The Taskforce has suggested a detailed roll out plan to implement its recommendations, with a timeline for each recommendation. The Taskforce has given details of the laws and supporting laws that will have to be changed.
Supreme court has said - child marriage should be considered completely illegal.
The Supreme Court has said that child marriage should be considered completely illegal to protect daughters from marital misconduct. The decision of the minimum age of marriage was left to the government.
UNICEF estimates that 1.5 million girls are married every year in India.