'Congress showcased Bhagat Singh as a terrorist' from the past
Bhagat Singh was a young Indian freedom fighter, who played a major role in revolutionizing India’s Independence movement. He was born into a Sikh family and studied European revolutionary movements that developed in him a penchant towards Marxist ideologies. This brave fighter was executed by Britishers at the young age of 23 for two of his dramatic violent acts for sake of India's Independence.
Yesterday was 28th September and It was the birth anniversary of revolutionary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh.
Born in 1907 in Lyallpur district (now in Pakistan), Bhagat Singh grew up in a Sikh family deeply involved in political activities. He belonged to a generation that was to intervene between two decisive phases of the Indian national movement - the phase of the 'Extremism' of Lal-Bal-Pal and the Gandhian phase of nonviolent mass action.
In 1923, Bhagat Singh joined the National College, Lahore which was founded and managed by Lala Lajpat Rai and Bhai Parmanand. The College was set up as an alternative to the institutions run by the Government, bringing to the field of education the idea of Swadeshi.
In 1924 in Kanpur, he became a member of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), started by Sachindranath Sanyal a year earlier. The main organizer of the Association was Chandra Shekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh became very close to him.
- It was as a member of the HRA that Bhagat Singh began to take seriously the philosophy of the Bomb.
- The armed revolution was understood to be the only weapon with which to fight British imperialism.
- In 1928, HRA was renamed from Hindustan Republican Association to the Hindustan Socialist Republic Association (HSRA).
In 1925, Bhagat Singh returned to Lahore and within the next year, he and his colleagues started a militant youth organization called the Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
In April 1926, Bhagat Singh established contact with Sohan Singh Josh and through him the 'Kirti Kisan Party' which brought out the monthly magazine Kirti in Punjabi. For the next year, Bhagat Singh worked with Josh and later joined the editorial board of Kirti.
In 1927, he was first arrested on charges of association with the Kakori Case accused of an article written under the pseudonym Vidrohi (Rebel).In order to take revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and his associates plotted the assassination of James A. Scott, the Superintendent of Police. However, the revolutionaries mistakenly killed J.P. Saunders. The incident is famously known as the Lahore Conspiracy case (1929).
Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt threw a bomb on 8 April 1929 in the Central Legislative Assembly, in response to the formulation of the Defence of India Act.
- The aim, as their leaflet explained, was not to kill but to make the deaf hear, and to remind the foreign government of its callous exploitation.
- Both Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt surrendered thereafter and faced trials so they could further promote their cause. They were awarded life imprisonment for this incident.
- However, Bhagat Singh was re-arrested for the murder of J.P. Saunders and bomb manufacturing in the Lahore Conspiracy case. He was found guilty in this case and was hanged on 23rd March 1931 in Lahore along with Sukhdev and Rajguru.
Every year, March 23 is observed as Martyr's day a tribute to freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru who sacrificed their life for the sake of the country.
Bhagat Singh Family still finds congress Responsible for his death
89 years have passed since Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged to death on March 23, 1931, but controversies surrounding them are yet to die down. Abhay Singh Sandhu, son of Bhagat Singh's younger brother Kulbir, believes the Congress has tried to play down the contribution of freedom fighters like his uncle to promote the Nehru-Gandhi family.
Ten years ago, Sandhu then(52) told MiD DAY from his hometown Chandigarh, "Bhagat Singh was always projected as a terrorist who hurled bombs and fired bullets, which is totally a lie. I feel this is a conspiracy of the Congress to give a mileage to the Nehru-Gandhi family and marginalize the freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh and Subhash Chandra Bose as they were against the ideology of Congress."
He added that the Congress has only lately recognized Bhagat Singh, in keeping with popular sentiment. "In a recent issue of a national magazine, Bhagat Singh was rated on top in a survey while Mahatma Gandhi was number six. This showed how angry people are with the policies of the Congress," Sandhu quoted at the time of interview given a decade back, who later wrote a book on Shaheed Bhagat Singh which was a huge hit among the youth.