RAW: operating from the shadows
The research and analysis wing aka RAW is the main intelligence agency of India. It was established in September 1968 in the wake of the intelligence failure in the Sino Indian war of 1962 and the Indo-Pak war of 1965. The agency's job is to gather intelligence on foreign countries, corporations and persons, counterterrorism and counterintelligence especially against Pakistan’s ISI, defense of the Indian nuclear program, and guiding policies.
Intelligence Bureau (IB) created by British, was the predecessor intelligence agency of RAW but due to its ineffective methods, it was dismantled and replaced. RAW follows the working protocol of CIA (central intelligence agency) type of training and methodology, whereas IB was mostly following the guidelines of the British MI5. Agents are drafted from all fields and are then carefully placed to maximize their potential in their field. RAW had in the beginning only one rival agency that was the Pakistani intelligence agency called inter-service intelligence famously known as ISI. RAW directs its most efforts against ISI to counter the effect of its rival agency.
RAW activities in PAKISTAN:
Kahuta blueprint debacle was in General Zia ul Haq’s era in which the RAW infiltrated the secure nuclear site at kahuna to learn about the Pakistani nuclear development. The agent was caught by the Pakistani establishment.
Recently a man named Kulbushan Yadav who is believed to be a commander in the Indian Navy and a RAW agent, under the alias of Hussain Mubarak Patel was caught in Baluchistan by ISI. He was carrying an Indian passport with a fake identity. He gave a statement regarding his directives to tarnish the peace and tranquillity in the province of Baluchistan and to support the separatist movement financially, logistically, and training-wise. He was involved in major terrorist attacks in Balochistan and Karachi, which resulted in the deaths of hundreds of civilians and military personnel. India has denied such a claim by the Pakistani establishment.
Ravindra Kaushik was a theatre artist in his earlier days. He was spotted by RAW officials during one of his dramatic meets and was contacted and offered the job of an undercover agent. In 1975, He managed to join the Pakistani army and rose to the rank of ‘Major’, his cover was later blown, and he was arrested, interrogated, and executed by the Pakistani military establishment.
There have been various operations by RAW in Pakistan in different ways like RAW’s funding and training of MQM (Muttahida Quomi Movement) and their personnel for the purpose of inciting anarchy and disorder in Karachi.
In Peshawar, there have been several violent activities that were aided and abetted by RAW and all such incidents have a concealed purpose which is in the objectives of RAW’s covert operation activities.
R&AW is the flag bearer of India's external security and from time to time it has achieved marvelous results with limited resources.
So far, so good. But for the future, RAW needs to change and fast.